Distributed apps Definitions

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  • #

    client side framework

    There are two sides to web development – the server side and the client side. A server side framework typically uses a programming language with a compiler and runs on a Web server, such as Node, PHP and ASP.NET.

  • A

    application architecture

    An application architecture is a map of how an organization's software applications are assembled as part of its overarching enterprise architecture and how those applications interact.

  • B

    BEST (Business / Enterprise State Transfer)

    BEST (Business / Enterprise State Transfer) is an architectural approach for exchanging content with a Web site or Web services and is similar to REST or SOAP.

  • C

    cyberprise

    A cyberprise is a Web-enabled enterprise.

  • D

    DAML (DARPA Agent Markup Language)

    DAML (DARPA Agent Markup Language) is a markup language for the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) that is based on the Extensible Markup Language (XML).

  • data type

    A data type, in programming, is a classification that specifies which type of value a variable has and what type of mathematical, relational or logical operations can be applied to it without causing an error.

  • dedicated server

    In the Web hosting business, a dedicated server refers to the rental and exclusive use of a computer that includes a Web server, related software, and connection to the Internet, housed in the Web hosting company's premises.

  • dependency injection

    In object-oriented programming (OOP) software design, dependency injection (DI) is the process of supplying a resource that a given piece of code requires.

  • E

    Eclipse (Eclipse Foundation)

    Eclipse is an open-source Java Integrated Development Environment (IDE) known for its plug-ins that allow developers to develop and test code written in other programming languages.

  • endpoint reference (EPR)

    An endpoint reference (EPR) is a combination of Web services (WS) elements that define the address for a resource in a Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) header... (Continued)

  • Enterprise Service Bus (ESB)

    An enterprise service bus (ESB) is a middleware tool used to distribute work among connected components of an application.

  • extensible

    In information technology, extensible describes something, such as a program, programming language, or protocol, that is designed so that users or developers can expand or add to its capabilities.

  • M

    management service provider (MSP)

    Also see two related terms, application service provider and storage service provider.

  • message-driven processing

    Message-driven processing is an approach used within the client/server computing model in which a client (for example, your Web browser) sends a service request in the form of a specially-formatted message to a program that acts as a request broker, handling messages from many clients intended for many different server applications.

  • O

    OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards)

    OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) is a nonprofit, international consortium whose goal is to promote the adoption of product-independent standards for information formats such as Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), Extensible Markup Language (XML), and Hypertext Markup Language (HTML).

  • OOPSLA (Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages and Applications)

    OOPSLA is the annual conference for Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages and Applications, sponsored by the SIGPLAN and SIGSOFT groups of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).

  • P

    PowerBuilder

    PowerBuilder is a popular rapid application development (RAD) tool for buildingobject-oriented programmingclient/serverapplications the parts of which can bedistributedwithin a network.

  • R

    Remote Data Objects (RDO)

    RDO (Remote Data Objects) is an application program interface (API) from Microsoft that lets programmers writing Windows applications get access to and from both Microsoft and other database providers.

  • S

    Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP)

    SLIP is a TCP/IP protocol used for communication between two machines that are previously configured for communication with each other.

  • Service Data Objects (SDO)

    Service Data Objects (SDO) is the name of a specification designed to streamline the processing of SOA (service-oriented architecture) data from diverse sources such as XML documents, relational databases and Web services... (Continued)

  • service-component architecture (SCA)

    Service-component architecture (SCA) is a group of specifications intended for the development of applications based on service-oriented architecture (SOA), which defines how computing entities interact to perform work for each other... (Continued)

  • service-oriented architecture (SOA)

    Service-oriented architecture (SOA) is a software development model that allows services to communicate across different platforms and languages to form applications.

  • service-oriented integration (SOI)

    SOI is also an abbreviation for Silicon-On-Insulator.

  • service-oriented management (SOM)

    Service-oriented management (SOM) is the operational management of service delivery within a service-oriented architecture (SOA).

  • SOA networking

    SOA networking is the use of the service-oriented architecture (SOA) model to enhance the capabilities of networks that use Web services... (Continued)

  • SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol)

    SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol), which is based in Extensible Markup Language (XML), facilitates communication between application and operating systems.

  • SPML (Services Provisioning Markup Language)

    SPML (Services Provisioning Markup Language) is an Extensible Markup Language (XML)-based language that facilitates the exchange of provisioning information among applications and organizations, corporations, or agencies.

  • synchronize-and-stabilize (sync-and-stabilize)

    Synchronize-and-stabilize (sometimes just called sync-and-stabilize) is a systems development life cycle model in which teams work in parallel on individual application modules, frequently synchronizing their code with that of other teams, and debugging (stabilizing) code regularly throughout the development process.

  • T

    tModel

    A tModel is a data structure representing a service type (a generic representation of a registered service) in the UDDI (Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration) registry.

  • transcoding

    Transcoding is the ability to adapt digital files so that content can be viewed on different playback devices.

  • U

    user interface (UI)

    The user interface (UI) is the point of human-computer interaction and communication in a device.

  • UUID (Universal Unique Identifier)

    A UUID (Universal Unique Identifier) is a 128-bit number used to uniquely identify some object or entity on the Internet.

  • W

    WS-AtomicTransaction (WS-AT)

    WS-AtomicTransaction, also called Web Services Atomic Transaction or WS-AT, is a specification that defines how single transactions are carried out based on WS-Coordination and WS-Transaction, companion specifications for information exchange in business processes... (Continued)

  • WS-Transaction

    WS-Transaction is one of a series of specifications from an industry group that includes IBM, Microsoft, and BEA Systems.

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