Application Architecture Definitions

  • M

    management service provider (MSP)

    Also see two related terms, application service provider and storage service provider.

  • Maven

    Maven is an Apache Software Foundation build tool for project management that automates Java projects.

  • message queueing

    In programming, message queueing is a method by which process (or program instances) can exchange or pass data using an interface to a system-managed queue of messages.

  • message-driven processing

    Message-driven processing is an approach used within the client/server computing model in which a client (for example, your Web browser) sends a service request in the form of a specially-formatted message to a program that acts as a request broker, handling messages from many clients intended for many different server applications.

  • microservices

    Microservices, or microservice architecture, is an approach to application development in which a large application is built as a suite of modular components or services.

  • middleware

    Middleware is the software that connects network-based requests generated by a client to the back-end data the client is requesting.

  • Middleware as a Service (MWaaS)

    Middleware as a Service (MWaaS) is the distribution model wherein middleware is offered as a cloud-based service, rather than as an on-premise solution. It is often offered as part of a cloud-based suite.

  • mobile application development

    Mobile application development is the set of processes and procedures involved in writing software for small, wireless computing devices such as smartphones or tablets.

  • mobile middleware

    Mobile middleware is software that connects disparate mobile applications, programs and systems.

  • N

    native code

    Native code is computer programming (code) that is compiled to run with a particular processor and its set of instructions.

  • non-virtual hosting

    Non-virtual hosting is offering to host a Web site for an Internet user or company within the same domain name as that of the service provider.

  • O

    Apache OpenWhisk

    Apache OpenWhisk is an open source and serverless cloud platform that performs functions in response to events.

  • OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards)

    OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) is a nonprofit, international consortium whose goal is to promote the adoption of product-independent standards for information formats such as Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), Extensible Markup Language (XML), and Hypertext Markup Language (HTML).

  • OAuth

    OAuth (Open Authorization) is an open protocol for token-based authentication and authorization on the Internet. OAuth, which is pronounced "oh-auth," allows an end users’ account information to be used by third-party services, such as Facebook, without exposing the user's password.

  • object

    In object-oriented programming (OOP), objects are the things you think about first in designing a program and they are also the units of code that are eventually derived from the process.

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